By Emilio Chuvieco (auth.), Emilio Chuvieco (eds.)
Wildland fires have gotten probably the most serious environmental components affecting quite a lot of ecosystems world wide. In Mediterranean ecosystems (including additionally South-Africa, California, elements of Chile and Australia), wildland fires are recurrent phenomena each summer time, following the seasonal drought. because of alterations in conventional land use practices, and the effect of contemporary weather warming, fires have extra unfavourable affects within the final years, threatening lives, socio-economic and ecological values. The publication describes the ecological context of fires within the Mediterranean ecosystems, and offers how you can discover fireplace threat stipulations and fireplace affects utilizing Earth commentary and Geographic info method technologies.
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Extra info for Earth Observation of Wildland Fires in Mediterranean Ecosystems
Landscapes such as these cannot be protected in perpetuity without all of their component parts and processes, especially fire. In this chapter, we will explore the role protected areas in regions with a Mediterranean climate have in conserving landscapes with particular emphasis on the perpetuation of natural fire regimes. We will begin by describing the different types of protected areas and how well those areas are represented in the various countries in the Mediterranean climate region (Fig.
2 Australia Prescribed fires have been used in Australia since the early 1930s to reduce fuel accumulations in an effort to mitigate the effects of wildland fires (Hodgson 1967). In Western Australia, active fire management programs exist in several nature reserves and national parks. There is concern, however, that prescribed burning at too short an interval could be deleterious to native plant and animal species (Burrows et al. 2008, Christensen and Maisey 1987). Burrows et al. W. van Wagtendonk 406 407 408 OF 409 410 411 412 413 RO 414 415 416 417 418 419 421 Fig.
But the Mediterranean’s greatest contribution may lie within the realm of ideas; ideas of how fire functions in nature and how it works in society. In this regard the Mediterranean experience has served as both paradigm and paragon. The landscape history of the Mediterranean has long furnished the prevailing notions of Garden and Desert, of a natural Eden and a Fall into anthropogenic ruin, that have underwritten almost all narratives of Western environmentalism. This declensionist model has CO RR EC 607 UN 606 TE 605 2 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 OF 636 RO 635 DP 634 TE 633 also informed academic understanding of how fire affects the Mediterranean biota: the ideal, “natural” order is one of thick woods which, under the blows of axe, hoof, and torch, degrade into more diminutive shrubs and finally into patchy scrub, prickly phrygana, and inedible weeds.