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By Marek Winiarczyk

Diagoras of Melos (lyric poet, fifth c. B.C.) has obtained distinctive recognition for it slow now simply because he was once considered as an intensive atheist and the writer of a prose paintings on atheism in antiquity. He was once infamous for revealing and ridiculing the Eleusinian Mysteries and used to be condemned for impiety at Athens. the current ebook evaluates Diagoras biography and indicates that he can't be thought of to were an atheist within the glossy experience. "

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19–24. See Plut. Per. 32, 2 καὶ ψήφισμα Διοπείθης ἔγραψεν εἰσαγγέλλεσθαι τοὺς τὰ θεῖα μὴ νομίζοντας ἢ λόγους περὶ τῶν μεταρσίων διδάσκοντας, ἀπερειδόμενος εἰς Περικλέα δι’ Ἀναξαγόρου τὴν ὑπόνοιαν. Most scholars dated ψήφισμα to 433/432 or 432/431. g. Derenne, Les procès (1930), 21; Reverdin, La religion (1945), 208; Nestle, Asebieprozesse (1950) 737; Mikalson, Athenian Popular Religion (1983), 92 (‘ca. 433’); Parker, Athenian Religion (1996), 208; Burkert, Griechische Religion (2011), 471 (‘um 432’).

For a long time this historian was considered a thoughtless, none too clever compiler. Such views are reflected in Romer’s statement (p. 399) that Diodorus ‘could be inept’. 107 Moreover, Romer has failed to study literature on the way in which ancient scholars worked. ’ Jacoby, Diagoras (1959), 18 ll. 39–40; 20 ll. 21–29 assumed that the author could have been Apollodorus of Athens (2nd century BC). ’ 105 Cf. Romer, op. ’ 106 A view held earlier by Jacoby, Diagoras (1959), 20 ll. 6–29 and Henderson, Problems (1993), 597.

It was the latter two who arbitrarily established the date of the decree by connecting it with the mutilation of the Herms and the profanation of the mysteries in 415. Romer accepts a number of unverifiable suppositions to support his a priori determined hypothesis that Diodorus’ account is unreliable. 109 6. The gnomological tradition110 In Greek poetry one frequently finds general sayings (gnomes) regarding the human condition and various moral questions that had been used for the instruction of children and youths since the Archaic age.

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