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242 At least references to these early languages are, so far as it has been possible to ascertain, lacking in thc sources. It is true, however, that in the easternmost parts of Anatolia, Armenian, Syriac, Kurdish, Georgian, Arabic, and possibly Lazic not only survived but were spoken by the overwhelming majority. Political factors in the Byzantine period contributed to the victory of the empire’s language. , XLVI (1gz6), 12. , VII ( x g q ) , 352. , VII, xxx. , XXXI (191I), I 63. He also supposes that the Phrygians ofGalatia had been completely Hellenized by the third century, for no Phrygian inscriptions have been found in Galatia.

XLVI (1gz6), 12. , VII ( x g q ) , 352. , VII, xxx. , XXXI (191I), I 63. He also supposes that the Phrygians ofGalatia had been completely Hellenized by the third century, for no Phrygian inscriptions have been found in Galatia. , VII, xiv, and in Anatolian Studies Presented to Sir William Mitchell Ramsay, p. 76, n. 4, he speaks of a fourth-century inscription from Phrygia, in Greek, which mentions the word Phrygia. R e postulates that this usage is indicative of the fact that the inhabitants of the area still felt themselves to be Phrygian.

Cedrenus, 11, 4 6 4 Aristakes, pp. 32-38. Grousset, Armenie, p. 580. Dolger, Regestert, I,, no. 873. la* Grousset, Armenie, p. 581. Cedrenus, 11, 557-559. Honigmann, Oslgrenze, pp. 168, 175. Matthew of Edessa, p. 78. ”’ 54 I EVE OF THE TURKISH CONQUEST Finally in 1064 Gagik-Abas of Kars received lands in Tzamandus, Larissa, Amaseia, and C ~ r n a n a Though . ~ ~ ~ large-scale emigrations are specifically mentioned in only two instances, it must be assumed that all these princes and nobles were accompanied by considerable numbers of followers.

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