By Christiane Brems, Deborah M. Thevenin, Donald K. Routh (auth.), C. Eugene Walker (eds.)
The goal of this ebook is to supply the reader with a survey of a few of the main parts of medical psychology. No try out has been made to incorporate each quarter appropriate to scientific psychology; the alternatives are selective yet symbolize the wide variety of components touched via scientific psychologists. For a few years i've got felt the necessity for a ebook that offers scholars with extra of a ancient creation and context from which to view present scientific psychology than is incorporated in such a lot textbooks. the problems and difficulties of medical psychology were with us because the starting of time; in spite of the fact that, so much mental literature is written with the unfairness that something older than 5 or ten years isn't really suitable. those that try to take a long-range view of scientific psychology are often in a position to bear in mind the early improvement of the sphere within the Nineteen Thirties and Nineteen Forties. during this textual content, I requested the authors firstly a short survey of historical and medieval heritage to set the level for a dialogue of present examine and advancements within the box. i'm hoping presentation of this kind will give you the reader-whether complicated undergraduate, graduate, or professional-with a feeling of point of view and context from which to view and comprehend medical psychology.
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Extra info for Clinical Psychology: Historical and Research Foundations
Historical precedence should undoubtedly go to Jones's (1924) early study of what would now be called the desensitization of a child's fear (the case of Peter). Rogers (1951) pioneered in the empirical study of psychotherapy. He was so bold as to record electronically what actually was said in therapy sessions, and he developed various innovative measures of both the process and outcome of psychological treatment. Eysenck (1952) shocked the psychotherapeutic community by arguing that therapy did not cause patients to improve more than the base rates represented by untreated individuals.
An essential for the first generation of clinical psychologists such as Fernald or Bronner, who worked in child guidance clinics, was the correct administration of the Binet test to children. During World War I, one of the major contributions of psychological researchers was the development of group intelligence tests for the armed services (Yerkes, 1921). The Army Alpha test was useful for educated or literate recruits, while the Army Beta was developed for those who could not read. The latter can be considered the precursor of the "performance" sub tests gathered together by Wechsler (1939) into tests that became the model for the test batteries now used universally in the individual evaluation of human cognitive function.
As the first director of the John E Kennedy Center for Research on Education and Human Development at George Peabody College for Teachers, he was in the forefront of new activities of psychology on behalf of the mentally retarded. Summary In conclusion, the APA has explicitly identified concerns for human welfare as one of its main purposes, and some psychologists, notably the SPSSI and certain child advocates, have had an impact in this area. However, such an altruistic focus has not received the highest priority among clinical psychologists in recent years.