By Hidetake Yamamoto, Tsuneo Hirai, Tsutao Katayama, Yasusuke Hirasawa, Nozomu Inoue (auth.), Yasusuke Hirasawa M.D., Ph.D., Clement Blount Sledge M.D., Savio Lau-Yuen Woo Ph.D. (eds.)
Clinical biomechanics is a swiftly altering box with an more and more large charm. whereas the center matters of biomechanics stay the habit of bones, joints, ligaments, and muscle tissues, this booklet makes a speciality of extra medical points comparable to synthetic joints, tissue transplantations, and the results of ailment on biomechanical houses. additionally featured are detailed experiences of the hand, backbone, vascular procedure, and the research of third-dimensional movement.
Based at the twentieth Annual assembly of the japanese Society for scientific Biomechanics and comparable examine, this e-book offers an summary of the topic in addition to describing many interesting new techniques and cutting edge equipment for studying biomechanical platforms. it may attraction throughout a large spectrum of professions, proving crucial to each person from orthopedic surgeons to engineers with an curiosity in biology.
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Extra resources for Clinical Biomechanics and Related Research
Nakabayashi Y, Shiba R (1987) An experimental study of bone remodeling influenced by mechanical stress. J Jpn Orthop Assoc 61:1429-1436 Mechanical Stimuli on Bone Formation 43 12. Yasuda I, Nagayama H, Kato T, Hara 0, Okada K, Noguchi K, Sata T (1953) Fundamental problems in the treatment of fracture. J Kyoto Med Soc 4:395-406 13. Okada K (1956) Dynamic studies on bone fractures. J Jpn Orthop Assoc 30(2): 105-133 14. Matsushita T, Kurokawa T (1991) Mechanical condition promoting bone healing (comparison between compression and tension).
After 2 weeks of stimulation, considerable immature bone formation was observed at the area parallel to the loading axis in both the compression and tension groups. In contrast, there was no or only slight bone formation at the area perpendicular to the loading axis. There were two cases in which bone formation was observed and three cases in which bone formation was not observed in the control group. In the former two cases, however, the amount of bone formation was slight and the site of bone formation was random.
Rabbit tibia was fixed to the stimulator. 5 Hz was applied 1 h /day Mechanical Stimuli on Bane Formation 37 the woven bone that had been observed in both the compression group and tension groUP of 2 weeks had become mature, and the bone formation extended to the center of the circular bone defect. In the control group of 4 weeks, bone formation was observed but it was immature and was much less in amount than that of the compression and tension groups (Fig. 2). Quantitative Analysis of Bone Formation by Image-Analyzing Software The amount of bone formation within the circular bone defect was compared in the compression, tension, and control groups quantitatively by means of imageanalyzing software.