By Marina Dodigovic
"This booklet examines the stipulations less than which man made intelligence and its comparable process, clever laptop Assisted Language studying (ICALL), can be actually helpful to grownup inexperienced persons of English as a moment language. Its objective is to illustrate the learnability of a moment language by way of targeting a few error in English as a moment language and to suggest remediation resulting in an total elevate in English skillability. The ebook additionally describes the pioneering steps taken by means of the writer towards any such target. the purpose of this quantity is to cater to quite a lot of audiences linked to the sphere of computing device Assisted Language studying (CALL). In a real cross-disciplinary model it brings jointly circumstances of study in moment language acquisition, language information, desktop assisted language studying, synthetic intelligence and usual language processing. it's meant for language academics, scholars of utilized linguistics and language engineering in addition to for utilized linguists often.
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Additional info for Artificial Intelligence in Second Language Learning: Raising Error Awareness
Data elicitation in this study falls between the two categories postulated by James (1998: 19) as ‘broad trawl’ error elicitation and ‘targeted elicitation’. The former means gaining the first impression of the learner’s limitations, whereas the latter targets the specific areas in which errors are anticipated. Thus anecdotal evidence suggests that the high stake errors, those that put the student at risk of failing university courses, are often syntactic in nature and regularly occur in academic writing.
A counterpart of the CDS phenomenon in the world of SLA is foreigner talk discourse (FTD), which as Long was convinced (Mitchell & Myles, 1998: 127) had a direct bearing on what the L2 learners produced and how. Thus he formulated an Interaction Hypothesis (Long, 1996), which sees certain native speaker strategies in communication with non-native speakers as conducive to L2 learning. These strategies are repetitions, confirmation checks, comprehension checks and clarification requests. , 1987), although not all of them have been conclusive (Gass & Varonis, 1994).
Social style, sociability and introversion/extroversion, have been studied as overlapping. While according to Larsen-Freeman & Long (1991) the folk wisdom has it that extroverts are better language learners, research studies have been inconclusive. As Sawyer and Ranta, (2001) point out, questionnaire studies have not yielded positive results, whereas field studies have. SLA literature sometimes lists inhibition vs. ego permeability, empathy, sensitivity to rejection as personality traits and tolerance of ambiguity (Larsen-Freeman & Long, 1991).